The Geopolitics of National Detached Forces: analysis of the political factors underpinning Portugal's participation in international missions

Period
11 months
Abstract

The aim of this project is to analyze the political factors underpinning the deployment of Portuguese Armed Forces in international missions, in close articulation with the definition of national interest, as well as the main axes of Portuguese foreign policy. This general reflection constitutes a first step in a broader research strategy envisaging at understanding Portugal’s geostrategic interests and practices, enabling a more nuanced analysis of how national goals regarding the participation in international missions have been defined and of how priorities for action in this dimension have been managed in articulation with Portugal’s security and defense needs and capacities. In order to fulfil this transversal objective, the project is divided into three major dimensions of analysis: 1) Contextualization and strategic mapping, centered on the definition of national interest and on the articulation between the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs concerning the definition of Portugal’s foreign, security and defense policy goals; 2) Definition of objectives, assessment of capabilities and decision-making regarding the deployment of national forces; 3) Analysis of case studies corresponding to Portugal’s participation in international missions, in different regional, institutional and operational contexts, since 2000, namely in Afghanistan [NATO International Security Assistance Force (2001-2015)], in the Central African Republic [MINUSCA (2014-)] and the Mediterranean Sea [EUNAVFOR MED Operation SOPHIA (2015-2020)]. The analysis of these dimensions is paramount to answer the research question and to foster a holistic though sustained understanding of the relevant political elements and dynamics in decision-making processes regarding Portugal’s participation in international missions.

Outcomes

The project’s outputs contribute to the advancement of knowledge in this area, but also to support the political decision-making process, by identifying strategic issues of international interest, as well as key political factors in different context. As such, the expected outputs include: • A Roundtable (Chatham House Rules) with the participation of academics, researchers, policy-makers, military and civilians with recognized experience and expertise in these matters; • Publication and dissemination of the Roundtable’s report; • Publication and dissemination of three policy briefs, covering each one of the project’s case studies; • Publication of a scientific paper in a national journal; • Final event to present the project’s outputs.

Researchers
Joana Barradas
Maria Raquel Freire
Vanda Amaro Dias (coord)
Funding Entity
Ministério da Defesa Nacional