The trajectories and dynamics of mass tourism development have caused stress on host cities and communities. Large events/gatherings have become central to many tourism and cultural strategies, and mainstream approaches have been detached from more-than-economic benefits to local communities. The COVID-19 pandemic has put these issues in stark relief. The dominant tourism models are not sustainable going forward. Post-crisis, alternate trajectories will need to be articulated in order to avoid going back to “business as usual”.
Due to the pandemic, tourism and other sectors have faced a major disruption or entire collapse, and are re-emerging in what can be described as a transition phase. A less mobile era is emerging, characterised by an increase in ‘proximity tourism’ (with a renewed emphasis on domestic tourism and partnered ‘bubble’ countries) as well as longer stays in one area instead of flitting from place to place. Crowded events with strangers will be less attractive and smaller-scale activities may emerge.
In the short and medium-term, while travel businesses are being reconfigured, travelers are also rethinking the kind of travel they are able and comfortable to pursue. Among potential travelers, a growth in conscientious travel is expected, with a socially minded mindset and sense of solidarity, emphasising personal responsibility, spending money where most needed, supporting local businesses, and doing things for the public good.
In rethinking and redefining tourism, new approaches should be built, aimed at the public good and based on the interests of local communities. After extended periods of lockdown, shorter destinations have new opportunities in this ‘new normal’, with recent surveys showing a growing interest in smaller, less-crowded destinations such as small cities, towns, and villages as well as natural, rural, and remote areas.
Regenerative tourism encourages the things that matter most in ways that benefit the whole, although never at the expense of its parts. Regenerative tourism approaches emphasise more conscientious options, to the explicit benefit of the community. Sustainable and responsible tourism principles also apply, with growing attention to careful management and local impacts.
Culture- and community-based small-scale creative tourism can provide regenerative options for local traditions and specificities. Creative tourism develops options and activities geared to smaller social bubbles and small group interaction, rather than to large crowds. This approach aligns with planning for longer stays. It offers visitors an array of interesting incentives and activities, with a focus not only on getting immersed in and connected to the place, but also on active learning and doing.
In an integrated approach, communities must be centrally engaged in reconceiving and restructuring their tourism development for the public good. Attention to regenerative tourism approaches will provide social, cultural and economic added value for local host communities.How to cite: Duxbury, Nancy; Bakas, Fiona; Castro, Tiago Vinagre; Silva, Sílvia (2020), "Regenerative tourism", Words beyond the pandemic: a hundred-sided crisis. Consulted at 13.06.2021, in https://ces.uc.pt/publicacoes/palavras-pandemia/?lang=2&id=30403. ISBN: 978-989-8847-28-7